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  • Transport strategy of Ukraine for the period until 2020 [1]


    At the end of 2009 the EU-Ukraine Association Agenda was adopted. Also, for 2010, a list of priorities for action was jointly agreed by Ukraine and the EU. And transport priorities include the following - implementation of EC acquis in transport legislation through development of new comprehensive national transport strategy of Ukraine. To prepare the strategy, the EU actively supported Ukraine by introduction of such projects – Twinning “Support to Transport Policy Design and Implementation in Ukraine” and “Support to the Integration of Ukraine in the Trans-European Transport Network TEN-T”. As a result, sector Ministry and representatives of the EU elaborated a document – Transport strategy of Ukraine for the period until 2020 – that was adopted by the CMU on October 20, 2010[2].

    It defined the main development goals for transport sector of Ukraine for the period until 2020. They are:

    • modernization of transport system and increase in its efficiency;
    • satisfaction of transport needs of national economy and population, improvement of quality and access to transport services;
    • guaranteed on-time goods delivery;
    • improvement of transport sector governance;
    • increase of capacity of transport network;
    • higher safety in transport;
    • reduction of polluting substances emissions in the air by 30%;
    • reduction of energy consumption in transport by 15-20%; and
    • faster integration of national transport system into European and world transport systems.

    Also, priorities for development were defined for each mode of transport.

    In general, the document is a good attempt to define main development goals for transport sector, in general, and for sub-sectors, separately, in the middle-run. However, it has just remained the attempt. It is too general, chaotic and declarative. Implementation of the Strategy, based on defined principles, will not allow changes in current destructive trends and problems of transport sector of Ukraine. Strategic goals and operational tasks are mixed up in the considered document. And goals, which are set, often do not show strategic intentions and partially reflect current problems. That’s why their solution won’t lead to lasting consequences. At the same time, no mechanism and way is foreseen to resolve systemic problems. Also, declared intentions sometimes contradict with adopted transport documents, e.g. programmes of sector reforms, as well as with Programme of economic reforms and schedule of its implementation.

    In addition, foreseen for different sub-sectors measures are described in different manner, which reflects the EU priorities and does not meet requirements for strategic document for Ukraine. E.g., sections for road and air transport are described with more depth and details. And integration to respective European organizations and institutions is widely emphasized there. At the same time, the EU principles are not adequately integrated in other sub-sectors. In particular, priorities for EU transport policy include development of river transport as more environment-friendly one. And Ukrainian strategy almost does not pay attention towards this mode of transport.

    In the end, attempts to define expected results of the Strategy’s implementation in quantitative measurements are highly estimated. However, according to the document, hierarchy of objectives is not clearly defined. Therefore, ways to achieve set results are also not defined. And those expected results again are not the same as ones set in the Programme of economic reforms. The latter shows that visions of problems and ways of sector development greatly vary among different governmental bodies.

    In general, Transport strategy in current variant won’t change the situation in transport sector of Ukraine. Though, such document should exist to help orient state policy in the sector according to set priorities. However, its current variant is an evidence of somehow different aims of the state bodies. The thing is its adoption and implementation are prerequisites for EUR 65 m budget support from the EU to Ukraine. Thus, at the moment we can draw the conclusion that adoption of this necessary strategic document won’t lead to expected strategic consequences for development of transport of Ukraine.


    [1] The article is prepared within the framework of the project "Implementation of EU-Ukraine Association Agenda: the Expert View", which is implemented by the Consortium of think tanks, including Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research (UCIPR), Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting (IER)and Center for Political and Legal Reform (CPLR), and funded by the European Program of International Renaissance Foundation. The media support is provided by nternews Ukraine. The Project is implemented in cooperation with Public Expert Council under the Ukrainian part of the Ukraine-EU Cooperation Committee.

    [2] Reservation: analysis of Transport strategy of Ukraine for the period until 2020 is done on the basis of text, available on the web-site of the MTCU since May 18, 2010. There is no text of document adopted by the CMU in open sources.

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