Project "3 DCFTAs"


This project, supported by the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida), ran initially from April 2015 to December 2018, and has now been renewed for the three years 2019 to 2021.

The initial objective of the project was to clarify the legal, political and economic implications of the three Association Agreements and DCFTAs negotiated between EU and Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. The agreements are long and technical legal texts, which cannot be ‘read like a book’. However, these agreements (often termed ‘AA/DCFTAs’ for short) are very substantial in the content and mechanisms for the integration of the three states with the EU.

The project thus produced its landmark publications - comprehensive yet compact Handbook for each of the three country cases, under the titles ‘Deepening EU-Georgian/Moldovan/Ukrainian relations – what, why and how?’ The Handbooks, published in English and the languages of the three states, explain in readily understandable and concrete terms what the legal commitments undertaken amount to, and describe also the challenges of implementation for the public and private sectors.

The first editions of the three Handbooks were published in 2016. In view of their widespread acceptance as the ‘bible’ on relations between the EU and the three East European states, a second edition was published in 2018, which begins to evaluate how the agreements are actually being implemented. The Handbooks are freely available for download at this website and have been actually downloaded so far more than 50,000 times. A more definitive evaluation is planned for a third edition in 2021.

In addition, the project is investigating selected “hot topics”, i.e. issues related to the agreements that are of priority concern to the three states. A first selection of these studies was published in 2018 in a volume entitled ‘The Struggle for Good Governance in Eastern Europe’, also available for free downloading at this website.

As the work progresses from 2019 onwards there will be increasing attention devoted to how the AA/DCFTA system may and indeed should develop in line with the European aspirations of the three states.

The project is led by:

Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels. Team leaders: Michael Emerson and Steven Blockmans.
In partnership with:

  • Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting (IER) in Kyiv. Team leaders: Igor Burakovsky and Veronika Movchan.
  • Expert-Grup in Chisinau. Team leaders: Adrian Lupusor and Denis Cenusa.
  • Reformatics in Tbilisi. Team leader: Tamara Kovziridze.

The project is conducted in close cooperation with the three East European governments, the EU institutions and the Swedish Sida. Although the project has its three-country pillars, the contents of the agreements are very similar and often identical, which means that the work programme is an integrated whole, with the intention of sharing the learning experiences of the three states.

Project web-site



Veronika Movchan, project coordinator


Phone: +38 044 278 63 42


Project results



  • Handbook "Deepening EU-Ukraine relations: what? Why and how?" Second edition 2018 (ua / eng)
  • Handbook "Deepening EU-Ukraine relations: what? Why and how?" 2016 (ua / eng)
  • Brochure "Ukraine and Europe: A Short Guide". 2016 (ua / eng)


Publications by IER experts:

  • Export refutes the myths: Ukraine's trade with the EU in 2017. Author: Veronika Movchan. 2018 (ua)
  • The Eurasian Economic Union’s problematic customs union. Authors: Veronika Movchan, Michael Emerson. 2018 (eng)
  • Old export in new realities. What has changed in Ukraine's trade with the EU? Author: Veronika Movchan. 2017 (ua)
  • The Pan-Euro-Mediterranean Convention on Preferential Rules of Origin and its Benefits: A Comparative Analysis of its application for Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Authors: Michael Emerson, Tamara Kovziridze, Veronika Movchan. 2017 (eng)
  • Should Ukraine aim to join the EU’s customs union? Authors: Michael Emerson, Veronika Movchan. 2017 (eng)
  • The radical changes in trade structures of Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, towards Europe, away from Russia. Authors: Michael Emerson, Tamara Kovziridze, Veronika Movchan. 2017 (eng)
  • Exports of Ukraine to the EU in 2016. Author: Veronika Movchan. 2017 (ua / eng)
  • Small forward. Ukraine's first year of free trade with the EU. Author: Veronika Movchan. 2016 (ua)
  • Dilemmas of Europeanisation: Political Choices and Economic Transformations in the Eastern Partnership Countires. Authors: Denis Chenuza, Gillaume van der Loo, Veronika Movchan. 2016 (eng)
  • EEnvironmental impact assessment in the EU as a roadmap for reforms in Ukraine. Author: Yulia Oharenko. 2016 (eng)
  • Russia’s Punitive Trade Policy Measures towards Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. Authors: Denis Chenusha, Michael Emerson, Tamara Kovdziridze, Veronika Movchan. 2014 (eng)
  • Read all the project's publications here

Youth Essay Prize Competition:

Public events:

  • Conference "European Choice for Ukraine: Progress and Prospects". 19.11.2018 (ukr / eng
  • Conferences "Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU: first lessons" in Lviv, Kyiv and Kharkiv. 15-17.11.2016 (ua)
Powered by

© 2020
The Institute
for Economic Research
and Policy Consulting
Reytarska 8/5-,
01054 Kyiv, Ukraine
+ 38 044 278-63-42
+ 38 044 278-63-60
+ 38 044 278-63-36
Use of site materials is allowed on condition of reference (for the internet publishing - links) on